Possible symptoms of uterine sarcoma include:
- Bleeding from the vagina that is not related to menstrual periods
- Bleeding after menopause
- A mass in the vagina
- Pain (or a feeling of fullness) in the abdomen
- Frequent urination.
These possible symptoms are not sure signs of the cancer; other diseases and health problems can also cause these symptoms. Women who have possible symptoms of uterine sarcoma should see a doctor as soon as possible, because only a doctor can diagnose and treat the problem.
If a woman has possible symptoms of uterine sarcoma, the doctor will need to perform a physical exam, ask about the patient's personal and family medical history, and recommend additional tests and procedures. Exams and tests that may be used to make a uterine sarcoma diagnosis include the following:
- Pap test (Pap smear)
- Dilatation and curettage (D&C)
- Endometrial biopsy.
When a diagnosis is made, the doctor will need to determine the stage, or extent, of the disease in order to plan the best uterine sarcoma treatment. Uterine sarcoma staging is a careful attempt to find out the size of the tumor, whether the cancer has spread, and if so, to what parts of the body.
Tests and procedures that may be used to determine the stage of uterine sarcoma include the following:
(Click Uterine Sarcoma Stages for more information.)