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Uterine Cancer Surgery

Bilateral Salpingo-Oophorectomy
Bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy is a surgical procedure that is used to remove both of the ovaries and both of the fallopian tubes.
Radical Hysterectomy
Radical hysterectomy is a surgical procedure that is used to remove the uterus, the cervix, and part of the vagina. The ovaries, fallopian tubes, or nearby lymph nodes may also be removed in a radical hysterectomy.

Following Uterine Cancer Surgery With Radiation or Hormone Treatment

Even if the doctor removes all the cancer that can be seen at the time of the uterine cancer surgery, some patients may be given radiation therapy or hormone treatment after surgery to kill any cancer cells that are left. Uterine cancer treatment that is given after the surgery to increase the chances of a cure is called adjuvant therapy.

Recovering From Uterine Cancer Surgery

After a hysterectomy, a woman will usually be in pain and feel extremely tired. However, most women will return to their normal activities within 4 to 8 weeks after surgery. In the recovery period after surgery, women may experience nausea, vomiting, and bladder and bowel problems. The doctor may restrict the woman's diet to liquids at first, with a gradual return to solid food.

Uterine Cancer Surgery and Menopause

Women who have had a hysterectomy will no longer have menstrual periods and can no longer get pregnant. When the ovaries are removed, menopause will occur at once. The symptoms of menopause caused by surgery may be more severe than those caused by natural menopause. Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is often given to women who have not had uterine cancer to relieve these problems. However, doctors usually do not give the hormone estrogen to women who have had uterine cancer because estrogen is a risk factor for this disease (see Uterine Cancer Risk Factors).
For some women, a hysterectomy can affect sexual intimacy; women may have feelings of loss that may make intimacy difficult. Some women find that sharing these feelings with their partner to be helpful.
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Uterine Cancer Treatments

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