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Uterine Cancer

Diagnosing Uterine Cancer

If a person has possible uterine cancer symptoms, the doctor will need to perform a physical exam, ask about the patient's personal and family medical history, and recommend additional tests and procedures that examine the cervix and uterus.
Exams and tests that are used to make a uterine cancer diagnosis may include:
  • Pap test (Pap smear)
  • Transvaginal ultrasound
  • Biopsy
  • Dilatation and curettage (D&C).
(Click Uterine Cancer Diagnosis for more information.)

Staging Uterine Cancer

If a diagnosis of uterine cancer is made, the doctor will need to determine the stage, or extent, of the disease in order to plan the best treatment. Uterine cancer staging is an attempt to find out the size of the tumor, whether the disease has spread, and if so, to what parts of the body.
The following stages are used to describe uterine cancer:
  • Stage I
  • Stage II
  • Stage III
  • Stage IV
  • Recurrent.
(Click Uterine Cancer Stage for more information about the stages of uterine cancer.)

Treating Uterine Cancer

Treatment options for cancer of the uterus will vary based on:
  • The size of the tumor.
  • Whether female hormones affect tumor growth.
  • The tumor grade. The grade tells how closely the cancer cells resemble normal cells and suggests how fast the cancer is likely to grow. Low-grade cancers are likely to grow and spread more slowly than high-grade cancers.
  • The woman's age and general health.
In general, uterine cancer treatment can include:
Doctors can describe the treatment choices and the expected results of each treatment option. Patients should work with their doctors to develop a treatment plan that meets their medical needs and personal values. Choosing the most appropriate treatment for uterine cancer is a decision that ideally involves the patient, the family, and the healthcare team.
(Click Uterine Cancer Treatment for more information about the treatment options for uterine cancer.)
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