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Thyroid Cancer Treatment

Remembering Questions and Answers

Many people with thyroid cancer want to take an active role in making decisions about their medical care. However, the shock and stress that often accompany a thyroid cancer diagnosis can make it hard to think of everything to ask the doctor. Therefore, patients may find that is helpful to make a list of questions prior to an appointment with the doctor.
 
(Click Thyroid Cancer Questions for examples of questions that people may wish to ask their doctor.)
 

Healthcare Providers Involved in Treating Thyroid Cancer

There are usually several healthcare providers involved in a person's thyroid cancer treatment. Doctors may refer their patients to doctors who specialize in treating thyroid cancer, or patients may ask for a referral. Specialists who treat thyroid cancer include:
 
  • Surgeons
  • Oncologists
  • Endocrinologists
  • Medical oncologists
  • Radiation oncologists
  • Urologic oncologists.
 

Getting a Second Opinion

Sometimes it is helpful to have a second opinion about the diagnosis and the thyroid cancer treatment plan. While some insurance companies require a second opinion, others may cover a second opinion if the patient or doctor requests it.
 

Options for Thyroid Cancer Treatment

The doctor is the best person with whom to discuss thyroid cancer treatment choices and the expected results. Doctors and patients should work together to develop a treatment plan that fits the patient's needs.
 
Depending on the type and extent of thyroid cancer, people with the disease may require:
 
  • Surgery
  • Radiation therapy
  • Radioactive iodine treatment
  • Chemotherapy
  • Hormone therapy
  • A combination of these methods.
 
(Click Thyroid Cancer Treatment by Stage for more about treatment options based on the stage of the disease.)
 
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