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Causes of Testicular Cancer

Personal or Family History of Testicular Cancer
Men who have had testicular cancer are at an increased risk of developing cancer in the other testicle. The risk for testicular cancer is also greater in men whose brother or father has had the disease.
Hereditary Conditions
Men who are born with gonadal dysgenesis or Klinefelter's syndrome have a greater risk of developing testicular cancer.
Testicular cancer is more common among Caucasian men than African American men. Hispanic, American Indian, and Asian men also develop testicular cancer at a higher rate than African American men, but at a lower rate than Caucasian men.
Young men are at a higher risk of developing testicular cancer. Testicular cancer is:
  • The most common cancer in men between the ages of 20 to 34
  • The second most common cancer in men between the ages of 35 to 39
  • The third most common cancer in men between the ages of 15 to 19.


Although research scientists do not know the exact cause or causes of testicular cancer, they continue their work to better understand the disease. Men who think that they may be at risk of testicular cancer should discuss this concern with their doctor, who can suggest ways to reduce their risk and plan an appropriate schedule for checkups.
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Testicular Cancer Information

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