Stomach Cancer Treatment
For people with stomach cancer, treatment options may include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or a combination of methods. Factors that affect treatment include the size and location of the tumor, the stage of the cancer, and the patient's general health. Side effects such as infections, anemia, and "dumping syndrome" are possible. Some people may want to consider taking part in clinical trials studying the effectiveness of new treatments.
There are several different types of stomach cancer treatment. Options vary based on:
- The size and location of the tumor
- The stage of the disease (see Stomach Cancer Stage)
- The patient's general health.
For the purposes of this article, the term "stomach cancer" is used to refer to gastric adenocarcinoma (cancer of the glandular tissue in the stomach). Gastric adenocarcinoma is the most common type of stomach cancer. Other types include lymphomas (cancers involving the lymphatic system) and sarcomas (cancers of the connective tissue, such as muscle, fat, or blood vessels).
(Click Lymphoma for information about a less common type of cancer that may develop in the stomach.)
In general, options for treating stomach cancer can include:
- Radiation therapy.
Doctors should describe the choices and the expected results of each to their patients. Patients should work with their doctor to develop a treatment plan that meets their medical needs and personal values. Choosing the most appropriate plan is a decision that ideally involves the patient, the family, and the healthcare team.