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Stomach Cancer Risk Factors

Age
Most people with stomach cancer are 72 years of age or older.
 
Sex
Men are more likely than women to develop stomach cancer.
 
Race
Stomach cancer is more common in Asian, Pacific Islander, Hispanic, and African Americans than in non-Hispanic white Americans.
 
Diet
Studies suggest that people who eat a diet high in foods that are smoked, salted, or pickled may be at an increased risk for stomach cancer. On the other hand, eating fresh fruits and vegetables may protect people from stomach cancer.
 
Helicobacter Pylori Infection
Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is a type of bacteria that commonly lives in the stomach. H. pylori infection increases the risk of stomach inflammation, stomach ulcers, and stomach cancer. However, only a small number of people who are infected with H. pylori will develop stomach cancer.
 
Smoking
People who smoke are more likely to develop stomach cancer than people who do not smoke.
 
Certain Health Problems
Conditions or procedures that cause inflammation or other problems in the stomach or intestines may increase a person's risk of developing stomach cancer. These include such things as:
 
  • Stomach surgery
  • Chronic gastritis (long-term inflammation of the stomach lining)
  • Pernicious anemia (a blood disease that affects the stomach)
  • Intestinal metaplasia
  • Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP)
  • Gastric polyps.
 
Family History of Stomach Cancer
You are more likely to get stomach cancer if you have a mother, father, sister, or brother who has had stomach cancer because a rare type of stomach cancer has been found in some families.
 
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