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Symptoms of Plasmacytoma

Symptoms will depend on whether the tumor is in the bone, the soft tissue, or another part of the body. When the tumor is in the bone, the plasmacytoma may cause pain or broken bones. When in the soft tissue, the plasmacytoma may press on nearby areas, causing pain or other problems. A plasmacytoma that is in the throat can make it difficult to swallow. These possible symptoms are not sure signs of the cancer. Other, less serious health problems can also cause these symptoms. People with possible symptoms of plasmacytoma should see a doctor as soon as possible; only a doctor can diagnose and treat the problem.

How Is It Diagnosed?

If a person has possible plasmacytoma symptoms, the doctor will usually perform a physical exam and ask about the person's personal and family medical history. In order to make a diagnosis, the doctor will typically recommend additional tests and procedures that examine the bone.
Exams and tests that are used to make a plasmacytoma diagnosis may include:
  • Blood tests
  • Urine tests
  • X-rays
  • Biopsy.

Stages of Plasmacytoma

If the doctor diagnoses plasmacytoma, he or she will need to determine the stage, or extent, of the disease in order to plan the best treatment. Staging is an attempt to find out the size of the tumor, whether the disease has spread, and, if so, to what parts of the body. There are two stages for plasmacytoma: isolated plasmacytoma of bone and extramedullary plasmacytoma.

Isolated Plasmacytoma of Bone
In isolated plasmacytoma of bone:
  • One plasma cell tumor is found in the bone
  • Less than 5 percent of the bone marrow is made up of plasma cells
  • There are no other signs of cancer.
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