In general, the treatment of medulloblastoma can include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and cerebrospinal fluid diversion. The doctor and patient often work together to develop a plan that is based on the type of medulloblastoma, the size and location of the tumor, the medulloblastoma risk group, and the patient's age and general health.
Medulloblastoma treatment options vary based on:
- The type of medulloblastoma
- The size and location of the tumor
- The medulloblastoma risk group (see Medulloblastoma Risk Groups)
- The patient's age and general health.
In general, treatment options for medulloblastoma can include:
- Radiation therapy
- Cerebrospinal fluid diversion.
Your doctor can describe your child's treatment choices and the expected results of each. Parents of children with medulloblastoma should work with their doctor to develop a treatment plan that meets the child's medical needs and the family's personal values. Choosing treatment for medulloblastoma is a decision that ideally involves the patient, the family, and the healthcare team.
There are usually several healthcare providers involved in a person's treatment. For children, a pediatric oncologist will oversee care. The doctor may refer patients to doctors who specialize in treating medulloblastoma, or patients may ask for a referral.
Specialists who treat medulloblastoma include:
- Rehabilitation specialists
- Medical oncologists
- Radiation oncologists
Children with medulloblastoma may also need tutors to help with schoolwork.