Cancer Home > Prevention of Uterine Cancer

While following recommendations for uterine cancer prevention does not guarantee a woman won't develop the disease, it does decrease her chances of getting it. Many women start by avoiding risk factors for this disease, such as obesity and not getting enough physical activity. They may also increase protective factors that can be controlled, such as eating foods that are low in saturated fat.

An Introduction to Preventing Uterine Cancer

Anything that increases a woman's chances of developing uterine cancer is called a uterine cancer risk factor; anything that decreases a person's chances of developing the disease is called a uterine cancer protective factor. Prevention of uterine cancer refers to avoiding the risk factors and increasing the protective factors that can be controlled. While this does not guarantee that a woman will not develop uterine cancer, it does decrease the chances.
 
Most cases of uterine cancer occur in the lining (endometrium) of the uterus. This article uses the term "uterine cancer" to refer to this type of cancer, also known as endometrial cancer. This article does not discuss a rare type of uterine cancer that can occur in the muscles or other tissues that support the uterus. Click Uterine Sarcoma for more information on this topic.
 

Know the Risk Factors

Some of the risk factors for uterine cancer can be avoided, but many cannot. These risk factors include:
 
  • Hormone replacement therapy (HRT)
  • Selective estrogen receptor modifiers (SERMs)
  • Certain diet and lifestyle choices
  • Hereditary conditions
  • Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)
  • Age at menstruation and menopause
  • Number of children.
Written by/reviewed by:
Last reviewed by: Arthur Schoenstadt, MD
Last updated/reviewed:
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