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Thyroid Cancer Statistics: Survival Rates

Survival rates can be calculated by different methods for different purposes. The thyroid cancer survival rates presented here are based on the relative survival rate. The relative survival rate measures the survival of thyroid cancer patients in comparison to the general population to estimate the effect of cancer. The overall five-year relative thyroid cancer survival rate from 1995-2001 was 96.6 percent. The five-year relative thyroid cancer survival rates by race and sex were:
 
  • 94.4 percent for Caucasian men
  • 97.7 percent for Caucasian women
  • 89.2 percent for African American men
  • 95.4 percent for African American women.
 

Thyroid Cancer Statistics: Impact of Stage

The stage of thyroid cancer plays a role in the thyroid cancer prognosis. Based on historical data:
 
  • 58 percent of thyroid cancer cases are diagnosed while the cancer is still confined to the primary site (localized stage)
 
  • 35 percent of thyroid cancer cases are diagnosed after the cancer has spread to regional lymph nodes or directly beyond the primary site
 
  • 5 percent of thyroid cancer cases are diagnosed after the cancer has already metastasized (distant stage)
 
  • 2 percent of thyroid cancer cases had staging information that was unknown.
 
The corresponding five-year relative thyroid cancer survival rates were:
 
  • 99.5 percent for localized
  • 96.4 percent for regional
  • 60.0 percent for distant
  • 85.4 percent for unstaged.
 
Written by/reviewed by:
Last reviewed by: Arthur Schoenstadt, MD
Last updated/reviewed:
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