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Treatment for Thyroid Cancer

Thyroid cancer treatment options vary, based on:
  • The type of cancer
  • The stage of cancer (see Thyroid Cancer Staging)
  • The size of the nodule
  • Whether the cancer has spread
  • The person's age and general health.
In general, treatment options can include:
People with the disease should work with their healthcare provider to develop a treatment plan that meets their medical needs and personal values. Choosing the most appropriate treatment is a decision that ideally involves the affected person, the family, and the healthcare team.

Prognosis for Thyroid Cancer

The American Cancer Society (ACS) estimated that 30,180 Americans (7,590 men and 22,590 women) would be diagnosed with thyroid cancer in 2006. The ACS also estimated that 1,500 American men and women would die of thyroid cancer during 2006.
A thyroid cancer prognosis depends on:
  • The stage of the cancer
  • The type of cancer cells
  • How the cancer cells look under a microscope
  • The person's age and general health.
The prognosis is better for people who are younger than 40 years of age and who have cancer that has not spread beyond the thyroid.
(Click Thyroid Cancer Prognosis for more information.)
Written by/reviewed by:
Last reviewed by: Arthur Schoenstadt, MD
Last updated/reviewed:
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