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Diagnosing Kidney Cancer

If a person has possible kidney cancer symptoms, the doctor will need to perform a physical exam, ask about the patient's personal and family medical history, and recommend additional tests and procedures that examine the kidney.
 
Exams and tests that are used to make a kidney cancer diagnosis may include:
 
  • Urine tests
  • Blood tests
  • Intravenous pyelogram (IVP)
  • Computed tomography (CT) scan
  • Ultrasound
  • Biopsy
  • Surgery.
 
(Click Kidney Cancer Diagnosis for more information about diagnosing kidney cancer.)
 

Stages of Kidney Cancer

If a diagnosis of kidney cancer is confirmed, your healthcare provider will need to determine the stage, or extent, of the disease in order to plan the best treatment. Staging is an attempt to find out the size of the tumor, whether the disease has spread, and if so, to what parts of the body.
 
Specific stages of kidney cancer include:
 
  • Stage I
  • Stage II
  • Stage III
  • Stage IV
  • Recurrent kidney cancer.
 
(Click Kidney Cancer Stages for more information.)
 

Current Treatment for Kidney Cancer

Treatment options for kidney cancer vary, based on the stage and the person's age and general health.
 
In general, treatment can include:
 
 
People with the disease should work with their healthcare provider to develop a treatment plan that meets their medical needs and personal values. Choosing the most appropriate treatment is a decision that ideally involves the affected person, the family, and the healthcare team.

(Click Kidney Cancer Treatment for more information.)
 
Written by/reviewed by:
Last reviewed by: Arthur Schoenstadt, MD
Last updated/reviewed:
List of references (click here):
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