Cancer Home > Liver Cancer Treatment in Children by Stage
Options for liver cancer treatment in children by stage include surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy. In some cases, a doctor may decide to use a combination of methods, depending on whether the cancer is a hepatoblastoma or hepatocellular tumor. Liver cancer treatment in children by stage will also vary if the cancer is newly diagnosed or recurrent.
Different types of treatments for childhood liver cancer are available. These options vary based on the type of liver cancer a child has. Other factors that may influence the choice of treatment include:
- The stage of the liver cancer (the size of the tumor, whether it affects part or all of the liver, and whether it has spread to other places in the body, such as the lungs)
- Whether the cancer can be removed completely by surgery
- The type of liver cancer (hepatoblastoma or hepatocellular)
- Whether the cancer has just been diagnosed or has recurred (come back).
In general, treatment options for childhood liver cancer include:
- Radiation therapy.
Treatment for stages I and II and PRETEXT stages 1, 2, and 3 hepatoblastoma may include the following:
- Surgery to remove the tumor, followed by chemotherapy or watchful waiting (closely monitoring a patient's condition without giving any treatment until symptoms appear or change)
- Chemotherapy to shrink the tumor, followed by surgery to remove it.
Treatment for stage I and II hepatocellular carcinoma generally consists of surgery to remove the tumor, followed by combination chemotherapy.