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Liver Cancer Prognosis

How the Stage of the Disease Affects the Liver Cancer Prognosis

The stage of liver cancer plays a role in the liver cancer prognosis. Based on historical data:
  • 31 percent of liver cancer cases are diagnosed while the cancer is still confined to the primary site (localized stage)
  • 26 percent are diagnosed after the cancer has spread to regional lymph nodes or directly beyond the primary site
  • 22 percent are diagnosed after the cancer has already metastasized (distant stage)
  • In 22 percent of the cases, the staging information was unknown.
The corresponding five-year relative liver cancer survival rates based on stage were:
  • 19.0 percent for localized
  • 6.6 percent for regional
  • 3.4 percent for distant
  • 3.3 percent for unstaged.

Liver Cancer Prognosis and Death Rates

From 1998-2002, the average age of people who died from liver cancer was 71 years of age.
The percentages of people who died from liver cancer based on age were:
  • 0.5 percent died under age 20
  • 0.8 percent died between 20 and 34
  • 3.2 percent died between 35 and 44
  • 13.0 percent died between 45 and 54
  • 17.4 percent died between 55 and 64
  • 26.8 percent died between 65 and 74
  • 27.4 percent died between 75 and 84
  • 10.9 percent died at 85+ years of age.
The age-adjusted liver cancer death rate was 4.7 per 100,000 men and women per year. These rates are based on patients who died in 1998-2002 in the United States. Death rates for liver cancer by race and sex were:
Race/Ethnicity Men Women
All Races 6.8 per 100,000 men 3.0 per 100,000 women
White 6.2 per 100,000 men 2.7 per 100,000 women
Black 9.5 per 100,000 men 3.8 per 100,000 women
Asian/Pacific Islander 15.4 per 100,000 men 6.5 per 100,000 women
American Indian/Alaska Native 7.9 per 100,000 men 4.3 per 100,000 women
Hispanic 10.7 per 100,000 men 5.1 per 100,000 women
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