Kidney Cancer Survival Rates
In general, the kidney cancer survival rates will depend on:
- The kidney cancer stage
- The patient's age and general health.
Survival rates can be calculated by different methods for different purposes. The kidney cancer survival rates presented here are based on the relative survival rate. The relative survival rate measures the survival of kidney cancer patients in comparison to the general population to estimate the effect of cancer. The overall five-year relative kidney cancer survival rate for 1995-2001 was 64.6 percent. The five-year relative kidney cancer survival rates by race and sex were:
- 64.7 percent for Caucasian men
- 64.5 percent for Caucasian women
- 61.8 percent for African American men
- 65.9 percent for African American women.
The stage of kidney cancer plays a role in kidney cancer survival rates. Based on historical data:
- 53 percent of kidney cancer cases are diagnosed while the cancer is still confined to the primary site (localized stage)
- 20 percent of kidney cancer cases are diagnosed after the kidney cancer has spread to regional lymph nodes or directly beyond the primary site
- 22 percent of kidney cancer cases are diagnosed after the cancer has already metastasized (distant stage)
- 5 percent of kidney cancer cases had staging information that was unknown.
The corresponding five-year relative kidney cancer survival rates were:
- 90.6 percent for localized
- 60.3 percent for regional
- 9.7 percent for distant
- 32.2 percent for unstaged.
(Click Kidney Cancer Statistics for more statistics on kidney cancer.)