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Kidney Cancer Statistics

Kidney Cancer Statistics on Survival Rates

Survival rates can be calculated by different methods for different purposes. The kidney cancer survival rates presented here are based on the relative survival rate. The relative survival rate measures the survival of people with kidney cancer in comparison to the general population to estimate the effect of cancer. The overall five-year relative survival rate for 1995-2001 was 64.6 percent. The five-year relative kidney cancer survival rates by race and sex were:
  • 64.7 percent for Caucasian men
  • 64.5 percent for Caucasian women
  • 61.8 percent for African American men
  • 65.9 percent for African American women.

Stage-at-Diagnosis Statistics

The stage of kidney cancer plays a role in the kidney cancer prognosis. Based on historical data:
  • Fifty-three percent of kidney cancer cases are diagnosed while the cancer is still confined to the primary site (localized stage)
  • Twenty percent of cases are diagnosed after the kidney cancer has spread to regional lymph nodes or directly beyond the primary site
  • Twenty-two percent of kidney cancer cases are diagnosed after the cancer has already metastasized (distant stage).
  • Five percent of cases had staging information that was unknown.
The corresponding five-year relative kidney cancer survival rates were:

  • 90.6 percent for localized
  • 60.3 percent for regional
  • 9.7 percent for distant
  • 32.2 percent for unstaged.

Kidney Cancer Statistics on Lifetime Risk

Based on rates from 2000-2002, 1.22 percent of men and women (1 in 82 men and women) born today will be diagnosed with kidney cancer at some time during their lifetime. These statistics are called "the lifetime risk of developing kidney cancer."
Sometimes it is more useful to look at the probability of developing kidney cancer between two age groups. For example, 0.75 percent of men will develop kidney cancer between their 50th and 70th birthdays, compared to 0.37 percent of women.
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