Brain Stem Glioma Information
Aside from leukemia and lymphoma, brain tumors are the most common cancer in children (although, in general, cancer in children is rare). When the tumor develops in the brain stem, it is called a brain stem glioma. Symptoms vary, depending on the child's age and where the tumor is located, but can include:
- Loss of balance and difficulty walking
- Vision and hearing problems
- Morning headache or a headache that goes away after vomiting
- Unusual sleepiness or change in energy level.
Treatment options will also vary, but range from surgery to chemotherapy to cerebrospinal fluid diversion. The prognosis with a brain stem glioma depends on the child's age at diagnosis, whether the tumor is new or recurring, and other factors.
(For more information on this topic, click Brain Stem Glioma. This full-length article explains how it is diagnosed, other factors that affect treatment and prognosis, and the different types of brain stem gliomas.)