Brain Cancer in Adults
Brain cancer in adults can be primary or secondary, and is characterized by abnormal cell growth in the tissues of the brain. The symptoms a person experiences will depend on the tumor size, type, and location. Treatment options for brain cancer in adults generally include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or a combination of these methods.
Adult brain tumors are diseases in which cancer cells begin to grow in the tissues of the brain. Tumors that start in the brain are called primary brain cancer. Tumors that start in another part of the body but spread to the brain are called secondary brain cancer. Secondary brain cancer in adults is more common than primary brain cancer in adults.
The brain controls vital functions, such as memory and learning, the senses (hearing, sight, smell, taste, and touch), and emotion. The brain also controls other parts of the body, including muscles, organs, and blood vessels. The three major parts of the brain, each of which controls different activities, include the:
- Brain stem.
There are several types of brain tumors that can occur in adults, which include:
- Brain stem glioma (see Brain Stem Glioma)
- Pineal gland tumor
- Anaplastic astrocytoma
- Oligodendroglial tumor
- Mixed gliomas
- Ependymoma (see Ependymoma)
- Pineal parenchymal tumor
- Germ cell tumor of the brain