Bladder Cancer Staging
A chest x-ray is an x-ray of the organs and bones inside the chest. An x-ray is a type of energy beam that can go through the body and onto film, making a picture of areas inside the body.
A bone scan is a procedure that is used to check if there are rapidly dividing cells, such as cancer cells, in the bone. A small amount of radioactive material is injected into a vein that travels through the bloodstream. The radioactive material collects in the bones and is detected by a scanner.
Specific StagesStages of bladder cancer include:
- Stage 0
- Stage I
- Stage II
- Stage III
- Stage IV
Stage 0 Bladder Cancer
In stage 0, bladder cancer is found only on the tissue lining the inside of the bladder. This stage is divided into stage 0a and stage 0is, depending on the type of the tumor.
Stage 0a is also called papillary carcinoma, and it usually looks like tiny mushrooms growing from the lining of the bladder. Stage 0is, also called carcinoma in situ, is a flat tumor that is found on the tissue lining the inside of the bladder.
Stage I Bladder Cancer
In stage I bladder cancer, the disease has spread to the layer below the inner lining of the bladder.
Stage II Bladder Cancer
In stage II bladder cancer, the tumor has spread to either the inner half or outer half of the muscle wall of the bladder.
Stage III Bladder Cancer
In stage III bladder cancer, the cancer has spread from the bladder to the fatty layer of tissue surrounding it, and may have spread to the reproductive organs (i.e., prostate, uterus, vagina).