Bladder Cancer Prognosis
Bladder Cancer Prognosis: What Are Survival Rates?Survival rates indicate the percentage of people with a certain type and stage of cancer who survive the disease for a specific period of time after their diagnosis. Often, statistics refer to the 5-year survival rate. The 5-year survival rate is the percentage of people who are alive 5 years after diagnosis, whether they have few or no signs or symptoms of cancer, are free of disease, or are having treatment. Survival rates are based on large groups of people, and they cannot be used to predict what will happen to a particular patient. No two patients are exactly alike, and bladder cancer treatment and responses to treatment vary greatly.
Factors Influencing a Bladder Cancer PrognosisThe American Cancer Society estimated that 63,210 men and women (47,010 men and 16,200 women) would be diagnosed with bladder cancer and 13,180 men and women would die of bladder cancer in 2005.
The bladder cancer prognosis will depend on:
- The stage of the cancer (bladder cancer in the early stages can often be cured)
- The type of bladder cancer cells and how the cells look under a microscope
- The patient's age and general health.
Bladder Cancer Prognosis: Survival RatesSurvival rates can be calculated by different methods for different purposes. The survival rates presented here are based on the relative survival rate. The relative survival rate measures the survival of bladder cancer patients in comparison to the general population to estimate the effect of cancer. The overall 5-year relative bladder cancer survival rate for 1995 to 2001 was 81.8 percent. The 5-year relative bladder cancer survival rates by race and sex were:
- 84.3 percent for Caucasian men
- 78.6 percent for Caucasian women
- 69.7 percent for African American men
- 53.9 percent for African American women.